The following items are in the HNGS Archives and are being scanned for posting as PDFs on the site.

 ANCESTRAL CHARTS - 1776-1976 of South Central Pennsylvania
   GenealogicaL Society, donated by Mary Woodruff Hamilton, #209 .

 BATEMAN - Descendants of Dr. Elisha Bateman, compiled by Paule
   Bateman, 198O, submitted by Thelma Hamilton Cassidy #228 .

 CAMPBELL - Historical Sketches of the Campbell , Pilcher and Kindred
   Families, by Margaret Campbell Pilcher, submitted by Nancy
   Hamilton Stanbery, #783. Loose xerox pages .

 CAMPBELL - Origin and History of the Name of Campbell , 1906.

 COOKE - History of Cooke Family - Maternal Ancestor of Lucy Gholson
   Bush, submitted by Jane Hamilton Schofield, #7 .

 Covenators - Excerpts for Battle of Bothwell Bridge/Pentlandd Rising
   - "A Holiday History of Scotland " by Ronald Hamilton, and many
   other references, submitted by Elizabeth Hebb, #579.

 GEORGIA - Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol . III , Serite J, March,
   1967 , donated by Mary Woodruff Hamilton, #209.

 HAMILTON - A genealogy of the Descendents of Hugh Hamilton, 1921, by
   James Alexander Hamilton, contributed by Ida DeVenny Fritsch,

 HAMILTON - Account of the Families of Birnie and Hamilton of
   Broomhill, by John Birnie, Esq., donated by w. Clay Hamilton, Jr.,

 HAMILTON - Alexander Hamilton, A Biography in His Own Words , 2 VoI . ,
   donated by Thelma C. Hayles of Mt. Plesant, TX.

 HAMILTON - Alphabetical listing of Hamilton's which was compiled by
   Elsie Swan Davison and Mrs. Agnes Osgoo, 1928, submitted by #45 .

 HAMILTON - Ancestry and descendants of Alexander Hamilton, Patriot,
   submitted by Ida DeVenny Fritsch #458 .

 HAMILTON - Andrew, b. 29 Apr 1854, Lansingburg, Rennselaer Co., NY,
   by Jessie R. Walker, submitted by Harold Rader, #5OO.

 HAMILTON - Calhoun, Hamilton, Barkin and Related Families, compiIed
   by Lewin Dwinell McPherson, A.B., A.M., 1957, 446 xerox pages
   copied and donated by W. Clay Hamilton, Jr., #1 . two sections.

 HAMILTON - Descendants of Andrew and Elizabeth Rhoades Hamilton,
   contributed by Vicki Hamilton Schmidt, #692.

 HAMILTON - Gavin of Calvert County Maryland to Ninian Bell Hamilton,
   compiled by Dolores Miltenberger, #96 .

 HAMILTON - Hamilton Descendants and Their Kin by Mildred M.
   Schaffer, #35.

 HAMILTON - Hamilton Genealogical Data, by Russell David Hamiltonn,
   #99. Excerpted from THE CONNECTOR and sold by Society.

 HAMILTON - Hamilton Research by Elsie Swan Davison, 1938,
   contributed by Agnes Hamilton Osgood, #45.

 HAMILTON - John and Catherine Miller HAMILTON of Canadad and Iowa,
   contributed by Mrs . Carl H. Zimmerman, #166.

 HAMILTON - North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865, contributed by Ida
   DeVenny Fritsch, #438.

 HAMILTON - OF Monongalia and Preston Counties, (Nest) Virginia and
   Fayette and Greene Cos., PA, contributed by James D. Baldwin, III,
   #56O "Descendants of GAVIN-l (163_-1698)" and "William Hamilton
   (174_-l796), and brothers Archibald, James, John and Henry, in
   seven parts.

 HAMILTON - Research on the Name of Hamilton, compiled by Mrs. Agnes
   Hamilton Osgood, #45 , and Hamilton W. Thom.

 HAMILTON - Samuel Hamilton and his descendants ca. 1740 to 1977 ,
   compiled by Ruth Hamilton Seckman.

 HAMILTON - The Descendants of Benjamin J. Hamilton, by Dorothy S.
   Hunt Jones, #193.

 HAMILTON - The Hamilton Tree of Love, by Jay Martin Hamilton, a
   historical and genealogical collection of Hamilton family data,
   the people and the stories behind them. #800.

 HAMILTON - Your Family Origin and coat of Arms, submitted by Hazel
   M. Deitz, #131.

 HAMILTON -Hambleton Hamilton Etymology, Vol. II, by Jay Hamilton,
   #800 .

 MARRIAGES - Marriage Records of Huerfano County (Walsenburg),
   Colorado, Books 4 & 45, which contain all marriages as copied in
   1979. Submitted by Edith c. Hamilton Todd, #77.

 MEEKER - The Meeker Family of early New Jersey, submitted by #18.

 NAYLOR - Maternal Gradfather of Lois Anne, Mrs. James Lester
   Hamilton, JR., #197.

 SCHAFPER - L.ine of Descent of John Adam Schaffer, 1702-1742,
   submitted by Mildred Schaffer, #35.

 STURTEVANT - Descendants of Samuel Sturtevant, by Robert Hunter
   Sturtevant, 1986, and donated him.

 WHITNEY - The Whitney Family Ancestry of Robert Buckingham Whitney,
   compiled by Colonel Clifford C. Nhitney, 1956.

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Surname Registry - 1999 PDF Print E-mail


This is a sample of the type of information that is available to our members in the monthly newsletter, and in the member pages of this website.

This “Registry” is intended as a help in researching your families. The concept has been used successfully in other societies, and we present this as an added benefit of your Society. Please contact the members submitting the listing for further information. The member name will be found in the “Membership Roster” elsewhere in this edition [May, 1999 issue], or the “Master Membership List” [also the member's only area of this web site] which has been furnished to each member. Names need not be limited to Hamilton.

Allen, Wilford1809 - 1867KY, Ripley Co., IN96
Annis, Florence Estella1876 - 1956Ithaca, NY, Denver, CO1329
Ashby, Mary Elder1818 -KY, IL695
Averill, Paul1742 - 1790Middleton & Andover, MA107
Ayers, William1794 caNY1418
Barnes, James1820 bef.TN, NC1124
Bilyeu, Joseph1760 ca - 1845IL1418
Bird, Mary1761 - 1810Lincoln Co., NC126
Bixler, Nancy1826 - 1902Fayette Co., PA969
Blake, James1795 - 1860VA, OH1102
Bollinger, Isaac1735 caMD, TN160
Bond, George1796 - 1860Knox Co., TN126
Bowers, Jane Ellen Hamilton1848Big Springs, Springfield, Cumberland PA665A
Bowman, Jacob1720 caMD, TN160
Boyd, William1830 - 16 Aug 1886Mercer Co., PA1101
Bradford, Hugh1795 bef.SC, TN902
Brown, Charles William1868 - 1902IL978
Brown, Jabez1803 - 1884VA - WV969
Brown, James H.1840 - 1885IL, VA978
Brown, Margaret Windle1846 - 1918KY, IL978
Brown, Matthew1735 - 1777Middletown & Allentown, PA518
Brown, William Marshall1863 - 1911AR, TX222
Burns, Ann Emily1875 - 1910Washington Co., VA1286
Caruthers, Robert- 1812Sumner Co., TN96
Casey, James1815 - McMinn Co., TN987
Casey, John- 1790Lincoln Co., KY824
Caves, Emily1828 -KY1072
Cleghorn, William1675 ca - 1775 caNC, GA923
Clinefelter, SalathielAug 1831 - Aug 1922Lawrence, Mercer Co., PA1101
Concannon1800 - Galway, Ireland1111
Conley, Franklin1849 -Davies Co., KY1295
Corliss1800 - Galway, Ireland1111
Cottingham, Ephraim J.1817 - Civil WarKY, IL695
Curtis, Nancyabt 1775VA478
Darnall, Johnn1791 -SC91
Dell, Ralph1618England824
Dinsmore, Robert1722 - 1817Cunmore, Ireland824
Dixon, John1820 ca - 1849 caIL, TX961
Dixon, John1845 - 1850Ellis Co., TX961
Elliot, Dorson1782/ caVA1050
Ellison, Ellin Hamilton1885 -Scotland, VA1053
Everingham, James- 1793Canada (United Empire Loyalist)824
Everingham-Everham USA & Canada824
Farris, John F. L.1836 - 1890Franklin & Coffee Co., TN906
Fitzsimons, James1843 - 1880Ireland, Australia1395
Fleming, William1717SCOTLAND1381
Florence, William1760 - 1808 aboutIL, Peoria1050
Ford, Warriner1720 bef.VA902
Francis, Elija1800 - 1870MO, TN861
Francis, Elijah1850 -MO, TX861
Fry, John1813 -PA912
Fryar, William1730 - 1814Knox Co., TN126
Fugate, Sarah Bell1850 - 1894Washington Co., VA1286
Gee, John R.1850 bef.VA, MO1124
Gibson, Ann1848 - 1881Canada1329
Grady, Smith1799 - 1855VA, IN1395
Greer, James? - 1792Pendleton Dist., SC1142
Greer, Martha1780 - 1872SC, Lincoln Co., TN1142
Griffin, John1811 -Randolph Co., NC902
Grubb, Absolom1805 -NC, KY1187
Hambleton, Alfred1850 -Coffee Co., TN829
Hambleton, Alsey1797 caNC902
Hambleton, John1710 -Nansemond Co., VA829
Hambleton, Theophilus1800 bef.VA1124
Hambleton, William1786 -Wake Co., NC829
Hamilton1800 -Clare, Ireland1111
Hamilton, A. J.1835 -Washington, Adams Co., MS920
Hamilton, Abraham1805 ca - 1861 caMD, PA1418
Hamilton, Albert Edward1869 - 1960Canada, CO1329
Hamilton, Albert Mansfield1872 - 1940Greenup, KY1295
Hamilton, Albert1812 -Randolph Co., NC902
Hamilton, Alexander1837PA665A
Hamilton, Alfonso1806 - 1850NY, PA214
Hamilton, Alfred1850 -Coffee Co., TN829
Hamilton, Alice AllenOct 1835 - Oct 1903Windham Co., VT1390
Hamilton, Andrew Jackson1828 - 1909Lewiston, MO642
Hamilton, Andrew1788 caAugusta Co., VA642
Hamilton, Anne Riddle1756 1836MD, Columbiana Co., PA1272
Hamilton, Archibald A.1830 - 1917PA, IL, MO, TX1402
Hamilton, Archibald1740 - 1794Nova Scotia, & Digby, Canada1119
Hamilton, Bloomfield S.1850 -Clinton Co., KY1058
Hamilton, Calvin1828 -Wayne Co., KY1058
Hamilton, Charles HerbertFeb 1862 - May 1911Windham Co., VT1390
Hamilton, Daniel1883 - 1973Purdy, OK1108
Hamilton, Darius1778 - 1826KY, MS1141
Hamilton, David1822-1899Indiana Co., PA1284
Hamilton, David1835 - Lafayette Co., IN660
Hamilton, Davis1827 - 1888Indiana Co., PA1284
Hamilton, Delva1885 - 1910IN1334
Hamilton, Dora Belle1878 - 1962Canton, MO642
Hamilton, Eddy1869 -IL1402
Hamilton, Edward1825 - 1893IN, IA1264
Hamilton, Elizabeth Gertrude1913 - NY97
Hamilton, Fannie1850 - 1930AR1297
Hamilton, Francis1832 -Frederick Co., MD107
Hamilton, George E., Rev.1874 - TX, AL222
Hamilton, George Washington1836 - 1916NY, OH, IL, MI, IA, NE, MO1053
Hamilton, George William1853 - 1927IN, KS1264
Hamilton, Gertrude1878 - NY97
Hamilton, Grant T.1814 - 1850Cumberland Gap, TN906
Hamilton, Hance1800 - 1850TN861
Hamilton, Hance1810 - 1850Rutherford Co., TN861
Hamilton, Harvey Nelson1820 - Civil WarTN695
Hamilton, Henry F.1807Monongalia, VA1381
Hamilton, Henry Hercules1797 - 1862MS, LA1141
Hamilton, Henry Hughlette1840 - IL987
Hamilton, Henry1759IRELAND1381
Hamilton, Henry1840 -OK1108
Hamilton, Herschel1902 - 1968IN, KY1334
Hamilton, Hugh James1893 - 1939Arran, Scotland - Kearney, NJ1425
Hamilton, Isaac1825 - 1860IN, IL413 & 1434
Hamilton, Jacob1785 - 1852GA, Lincoln Co., TN1328
Hamilton, James F.1785 - 10 Oct 1848St. Francisville, LA1410
Hamilton, James Jr.1753 - 1786St. Croix, West Indies1410
Hamilton, James Louis1825 - 1902IL, KY, TX961
Hamilton, James Louis1859 - 1902Johnson Co., TX961
Hamilton, James Sr.1718 - 3 Jun 1799St. Vincent’s, West Indies1410
Hamilton, James- 1798Allegheny Co., PA1272
Hamilton, James1720 caPA, Sussex Co., NY1203
Hamilton, James1760 - 1800PA, NY214
Hamilton, James1782 - 1863Allegheny Co., PA, Columbiana Co., OH1272
Hamilton, James1783 - 1859Co. Tyrone, Ireland, PA824
Hamilton, James1863 - 1943Scotland, Erie, PA1317
Hamilton, James/William1808 - 1850SC, Lincoln & Giles Co. TN222
Hamilton, Jeremiah1756 - 1814Union Dist., SC1049
Hamilton, Jesse1745 - 1820VA, MS1141
Hamilton, John Alexander, MD1835 -Washington, Adams Co., MS920
Hamilton, John Amon1937Thebes, IL1334
Hamilton, John Marshall1850 - 1910Washington Co., VA1286
Hamilton, John1695 - 1729Londonderry, Ireland, NJ1203
Hamilton, John1716 ca -Nova Scotia, New England1119
Hamilton, John1770 - 1812SC, TN1142
Hamilton, John1780 - 1828PA, NY214
Hamilton, John1800 - 1852 aftKY, AR961
Hamilton, John1810 - 1850Franklin Co., TN906
Hamilton, John1813 - 1892Indiana Co., PA1284
Hamilton, John1835 -PA, IL1402
Hamilton, John1840 - 1917Canada1329
Hamilton, John1852 -Saline Co., AR961
Hamilton, JohnJul 1775 - Sep 1827VT1390
Hamilton, Jonathan1761 - 1842Bedford Co., PA1319
Hamilton, Jonathan1783 - 1843Tomkins, Tioga, Steuben Co., NY1203
Hamilton, Jonathan1880 - 1900CO, WA660
Hamilton, Joseph R.1900 - 1958Freeport, PA1317
Hamilton, Joseph1793 -MA, NY1053
Hamilton, Joseph1818 - 1863Kilbernie, Scotland1317
Hamilton, Joseph1818 -Lawrence Co., AL91
Hamilton, Lulu1854 -NY912
Hamilton, Margaret1836Big Springs, Springfield, Cumberland PA665A
Hamilton, Mary Hutchinson1776 - 1818Bracken Co., KY1050
Hamilton, Mary Stewart1783 - 1872PA, Columbiana Co., OH1272
Hamilton, Matthew1787 - 1872Indiana Co., PA1284
Hamilton, Nancy Conley1823 - 1880VA/WV978
Hamilton, Obodiah1760 - 1828Pelham, MA & NY1053
Hamilton, Phoebe Ann Bough1841 - 1896Columbiana Co., OH1272
Hamilton, Reuben1784 - 1854 caWilliamson Co., TN1399
Hamilton, Reuben1816 - 1872Crawford Co., AR1399
Hamilton, Richard Nugent1854 - 1914LA, MO1141
Hamilton, Robert Bruce1946Newark, NJ, West Newbury, MA1425
Hamilton, Robert Reid1921Arran, Scotland - Winchester, MA1425
Hamilton, Robert1790 - 1838PA, MD1319
Hamilton, Robert1812 - 1854Co. Down, Ireland1325
Hamilton, Robert1880 - NY97
Hamilton, Samuel1813 caOH1334
Hamilton, SamuelNov 1807Windham Co., VT1390
Hamilton, Sarah ?1792 - 1860 caNJ, PA, IL1402
Hamilton, Sarah C. Byrd1823 ca - 1843VA, GA923
Hamilton, Thomas1714 - 1783New England, NC1119
Hamilton, Thomas1740 caVA642
Hamilton, Thomas1751 - 1829NJ, PA, NY1203
Hamilton, Thomas1752 - 1829Muncey, PA & Lansing, NY518
Hamilton, Thomas1757 - VA, MD1187
Hamilton, Thomas1795 - 1855MD, OH1102
Hamilton, Thomas1825 - 1893Alleghency Co., PA, Columbiana Co., OH1272
Hamilton, Thomas1828 - 1848Glasgow, Scotland1072
Hamilton, Walter1870 - 1940AR, TN1297
Hamilton, William Anderson1865 -Savannah, GA829
Hamilton, William Bruis801 -PA, IA1264
Hamilton, William R.1843Green Twp., Franklin Co., PA665A
Hamilton, William Seymour1862 - 1900Washington Co., VA1286
Hamilton, William1700 - 1800PA, SC, TN159
Hamilton, William1783 - 1853SC, TN160
Hamilton, William1784 - 1867Cumberland Co., PA665A
Hamilton, Willis L.1820 - 4 May 1893St. Francisville, LA1410
Hamilton. Robertca 1740 - May 1812Ireland, Westmoreland Co., PA1101
Hampton, Joseph1730 - 1790Frederick, VA & SC1049
Handy, Brewster1793 - 1852VT, NY1203
Har(t)grove, John1830 bef.MO1124
Harvey, Mary G.1850 -Monroe Co., KY1058
Harwood, Mary1785 - Bedford Co., PA1319
Hawkins, Anthony1615 - 1674ENG, Farmington, CT413
Hayes, William1855 - 1933OK1108
Helm, Ora1875 - 1901IN, IL, OH1297
Hendrix, Franklin Pearl1930s -Summitville, IN107
Hill, John1870sRidgefarm, Vermillion Co., IL413
Hill, Puah1818 -Randolph Co., NC902
Hoffman, Jacob1826 -Germany, NY1395
Howard, Mary1847VA, WV1381
Humphrey, Louisa M. B.1831 ca - 1919GA923
Hunter, Henry1768 caMD, SC, TN160
Ingram, Sarah Willis1755 - 1814Union Dist., SC1049
Jager, Heinrich1715 - 1748Switzerland, PA160
Jones, Minnie1880 - 1931TN, AR1297
Judd, Thomas1608 - 1688ENG, MA, CT413
Kaigler, Andrew1730 - 1809 aft.Germany, GA, TN923
Kelley, Nancy1867 - 1941Chickasha, OK1108
Kennedy1780 -Lawrence Co., PA1101
Kennedy, Thomas1682 - 24 Dec 1821PA1101
Kermoade, Keith1940LaGrange, MO642
Kirby1800 -Limerick, Ireland1111
Kramer, Julia Hamilton1856 -IL1402
Lambert, Elizabeth1810 -OH, KY1187
Leake, Nancy Dabney1824 -NC, TN, IL695
Lightfoot, Claiborne1765 ca - 1808VA, KY961
Lightfoot, John1740 ca - 1806VA961
Linder, Isaac Alex.1842 - DeKalb Co., TN987
Linder, Lorenzo Dow1807 -NC, Dekalb Co., TN987
Lofftin, Julia1845 - 1885AL, TX961
Loftin, Julia1871 - 1885Johnson Co., TX961
Longfellow, Rebkoh1803 -PA1264
Loudenslager, Johan Georg1717 caHOLLAND1381
Loudenslager, Adam1848Marshall, VA1381
Love, Margaret1730 - 1814Knox Co., TN126
Lowry, Patrick1800 - KY1102
Lucas, Jeremiah1747 - 1811Union Dist., SC1049
Magee, Patrick1741 -Western PA1101
Mains, Laban1802 -VA, Shenandoah Valley1050
Mains, Oliver1835 - 1899Pendleton Co., KY1050
Mamare, Michael1867 - 1933Syria, NY1395
Martin, Abigail1830 - 1860IN, IL413
Martin, Peyton1795 - 1880TN96
McAlexander, James1715 - 1798Nelson Co., VA906
McAlexander, John1830 - 1850Madison Co., TN906
McAlister, Nathaniel1779 - 1855Albermarl Co., VA & Pulaski Co., KY1058
McClure, Richard Renshaw1760-1832Botetourt Co., VA & Lawrence Co., KY61
McCrum, Agnes1811 -Armagh, Ireland1072
Mias, Nicholas1708 - 1728Little Compton, RI1072
Miller, Cecil Elizabeth1905 caIN1334
Miller, John A.1850 -Monroe Co., KY1058
Miller, John1800sAllenwood, PA518
Miller, Nolan1907 caIN1334
Monroe, Thomas1768 caPA1101
Montgomery, Alexander- 1768Orange Co., NC824
Montgomery, Samuel1766 - 1848Ireland, Adams Co., OH61
Morris, Nancy Ann1825 - 1850KY, MO861
Morton, John1770 - 1860Ireland, OH1102
Murff, John- 1781GA, Battle of Cowpens923
Myers, Nicholas1708 - 1728Little Compton, RI1072
Neeley, John W.? - 1847Limestone Co., AL91
Nelson, Peter Borlykstol1886 - 1948Norway, MN, ND, WA1418
Nesselrod, Barbara1792 - ?Fayette Co., PA969
Newbury, George1845NC478
Newman, Susan1720 ca PA, Sussex Co., NY1203
Parker, John T.1807 -TN91
Paxton, George B.1910 -NM, CO660
Philbrick, David1866Watsonville, MI478
Porter1800 -Mercer Co., PA1101
Powell, Nutty1800 bef.VA1124
Rasmusson, Petra1889 - 1914Norway, MN1418
Read (Reid), David1795 - 1831SC, TN1142
Rice, Mary1750 -New England1119
Rich, Isaiah1776 bef.PA902
Rickabaugh, Margaret- 1839PA665A
Robertson, Nathan1755 - 1826MD, KY, IN413
Roscoe, Olive1910 - 1920NM214
Sampson, Catherine1812 -Frederick Co., MD107
Scott1712 beforePrince George’s Co., MD969
Scott, James- 1832 caSumner Co., TN96
Seagraves, Harriet Butler1833 caGA923
Sharps, Mary1810 - 1851Preston Co., VA969
Skipper, Joseph1720 caNC902
Smith, Pauline1835 beforeWashington, Adams Co., MS920
Snow, Kate M. Hamilton1861 - 1937il, mo1402
Spence, Charlotte1825 - 1850TN861
Spencer, Zachariah IV1761 - 1810Lincoln Co., NC126
Staaden, Lewis Jacob1817 - 1888Germany, Navarro Co., TX126
Steele, Elizabeth1807 - 1891Monongalia Co., VA/WV969
Steele, James1750 - 1800NC, Bath Co., VA96
Stetler, Mary Catherine1847 -PA912
Stevenson, Elam1813 - NC, Giles & Lincoln Co. TN222
Stilwell, Daniel1820 - 1840NJ660
Strange, Emma E.1888 - 1936TN, OK222
Swan, Elizabeth1796 - 1868Knox Co., TN126
Swarthout, John C.1816 - 1854NY, Whiteside Co., IL1053
Tallman, Robert Boone1820 - 1861VA978
Taylor, Hugh1800 caTN1142
Teal(e), Peter1762 caPA1050
Tingleton, Rhoda1770 - 1839Preston Co., VA & Fayette Co., PA969
Vaughan, Dola1860MI478
Vealey, Peter1791 -Holland, NY61
Veli, Peter1791 -Holland, NY61
Walker, Benjaminabt 1775VA478
Ward, Rose1846 - 1907Ireland, NY1395
Waters, John1854 -NY912
Watkins, James1800TN, NC1124
White, John George1819 - 1876Houston Co., GA906
White, Margaret1747 - 1794Cabarrus Co., NC96
Widener, John B.1840 ca - 1880 aft.PA1418
Wilcox, Carolyn1833 - 1915NY, KS1395
Willison, Elizabeth1797 - 1870Flintstone, MD1319
Wright, Elizabeth1763 - Bedford Co., VA1187
Wurtz, Hans1671 caSwitzerland160
Wyatt, Richard1769 - 1860VA, SC, TN1142
Wylie, Samuel1700s?Lincoln Co., TN1142
Wylie, Samuel1765 caSC, TN1142
Yoder, Hans1700s earlyPleasantville, PA518
Young, Mathias Geyhart1788 - 1845Greenbrier Co., VA61
Zinn, Annie E.1862 - 1948Monongalia Co., WV969

If any errors were made, in transcribing this information, please don't hesitate to advise us so corrections may be made.

You will note that most members submitted full names for inclusion, but if you are interested in sharing information on a given surname in a locality, just submit the surname.

Hamilton Surname DNA Project PDF Print E-mail

Hamilton Surname DNA Project – Further Details

At is given an outline of the Hamilton Surname DNA Project along with procedures for potential participants to follow. On this page a few more details of the project are given. Also, an attempt is made to articulate why each of you should consider having a DNA analysis done for your Hamilton line and how the results could assist you in tracing your family history

In this study 12, 25 or 37 markers (the 25 marker test is recommended) in the DNA of the Y-chromosome of each sample are examined. The Y-chromosome is unique in human DNA in that it is only found in males and is passed down from father to son virtually unchanged. The term 'virtually' is used because there is a small probability (less than 1 %) that a mutation will occur in the markers each generation. The net result then is that the markers being examined will have essentially the same (or very similar) values for you, your father, grandfather, great grandfather, etc., back many generations (10 to 50 or more). Obviously one cannot directly analyze such DNA back more than 2 or 3 generations because earlier ancestors have passed on. However, the power of the technique is that one does not have to analyze the DNA of ancestors; one can obtain meaningful genealogical information by comparing the results from your DNA analysis with the results from others. Consider, for example, that your direct male ancestor of say 10 generations ago had 2 sons, one of whom you are descended from, and the other who is the ancestor of another group of Hamiltons. The Y-chromosomal DNA from a living direct male descendant of the second son should be identical or very similar to your Y-chromosomal DNA. The corollary of course is that, if neither you nor the other Hamilton knew your lines back that far, finding your DNAs to be so closely matched would indicate that you have a common ancestor. That could open up new avenues for both of you to explore. Of course, if you find that your Y-chromosomal DNA does not match that of another Hamilton one could conclude that you are not closely related (at least through the Hamilton male line).

It should be emphasized that the analyses for this study can only be done on samples collected from males since they are the only ones with the Y-chromosome. Furthermore, because the Y-chromosome is passed from father to son the study can only find relationships that occur through direct male lines. Since surnames usually follow direct male lines, our study has the potential to find many relationships among various Hamiltons. Those of you who are females with Hamilton ancestors can still participate in the study if you find a male relative (father, brother, uncle, male cousin, etc.) who is willing to supply a sample for analysis. By the way, sample collection is painless; it involves merely rubbing the inside of the cheek with a foam collector.

One should point out that there are several situations where the DNA analysis might give an unexpected result. These are sometimes referred to euphemistically as 'non-paternal' events. Some examples of such situations are: an unknown adoption in your line, an illegitimate birth or conception out of wedlock, some ancestor taking the surname of a stepfather, etc. Of course, if you have suspicions that one of these might have occurred in your line, obtaining a DNA analysis and comparing the results to those of presumed relatives where it is unlikely such an event happened could provide evidence whether such an event has occurred in your line.

Many of us have been able to determine our Hamilton lines back to the 18th or 19th century (4 to 8 generations or so) but have been stymied in trying to trace our lines back further. Using DNA analyses one has the potential to be able to obtain information about earlier generations. For example, suppose you have a well documented Hamilton line back to about 1830 in Tennessee. You suspect that your earliest known Hamilton ancestor migrated to Tennessee from either Virginia or North Carolina but have not been able to make the connection. You know that there are several known Hamilton lines in Virginia and North Carolina so it seems a reasonable possibility. By having the DNA from one of your Tennessee Hamiltons analyzed and comparing the results to those obtained from the various Virginia and North Carolina Hamilton lines, one would obtain evidence which one is the most likely to be related to your line, and thus you would know where to focus further traditional genealogical research.

One of the general questions the Hamilton DNA study has been able to address is whether virtually all Hamiltons come from a common ancestor (say 500 to 1500 years ago) or whether there were several different initiating ancestors. The results to date suggest that there were several initiating ancestors ( ). It is believed that most Hamiltons originated in Scotland, although, prior to emigrating to the new world, many had previously migrated to England or been transplanted from Scotland to Ireland, especially in the 17th century. In early Scotland there is a very well documented Hamilton lineage starting with Walter Fitzgilbert in the late 13th century. This line led to many Dukes, Earls, Barons, etc. and for that reason is well documented. Undoubtedly many other Hamiltons, including many who ultimately emigrated to the new world, are unknowingly derived from this line. By comparing the Y-chromosomal DNA of such individuals with the DNA from well documented descendants of the ducal line one could conclude with a high degree of certainty whether they come from the same line or not. Eventually the DNA study will be able to identify members of this line but currently it is still not clear what the markers for this line are. In any event, there are too many people with the Hamilton surname in the world for us all to be derived from the Walter Fitzgilbert line and the results to date tend to bear this out. Where did the other Hamilton lines originate? Walter Fitzgilbert's main seat of power was in an area near Glasgow, Scotland and surnames did not come into common use in that area of Scotland until the 14th or 15th century. About that time the descendants of Walter Fitzgilbert came to be known as Hamiltons and the town (now a city) that grew up around their castle (or palace) was given the name of Hamilton. It is suspected that when surnames came into common use some of the retainers or servants who lived in Hamilton and worked for the ducal Hamilton line just took the surname Hamilton. That could be the reason that there were several initiating ancestors who have given rise to the various current Hamilton lines. In any event, the DNA study will help to clarify how widespread the taking of the Hamilton surname was.

In order to answer the question how many initiating Hamilton ancestors there were, one will need broad participation by many Hamilton lines. For this reason alone, each of you with a Hamilton line is encouraged to participate in this study. However, a potential added benefit from participation is that some more immediate questions may be resolved in your line (see earlier discussion) and that you may find totally unexpected relationships with other Hamilton lines. Several new relationships have already been found from the results obtained to date.

For those of you who would like to obtain more information on DNA surname studies in general, the following are a few web sites that contain additional information.; this is the main company we are using for the Hamilton surname study; a specific project with links to many others; another specific project with a good write-up (DNA 101) of the principles involved

If you have any questions concerning the project that are not covered above, or about your participation in it, do not hesitate to contact the coordinator at This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Last Updated ( Sunday, 25 June 2006 )
Relationship Chart PDF Print E-mail

Relationship Chart

Use the chart below to determine the relationship between you and another relative.
  1. Determine the common ancestors you and the other person share.
  2. Starting with your common ancestors in the upper left corner, find yourself across the top and note the column.
  3. Again starting with your common ancestors in the upper left corner, find the other person down the left side and note the row.
  4. Go to the box where your column and their row coincide.
  5. This is the relationship you share with the other person.
Common Ancestor Child Grandchild Great Grandchild G-G Grandchild G-G-G Grandchild G-G-G-G Grandchild
Child SiblingNiece/ Nephew Grand Niece/ Nephew Great Grand Niece/ Nephew G-G Grand Niece/ Nephew G-G-G Grand Niece/ Nephew
Grandchild Niece/ NephewFirst Cousin First Cousin Once Removed First Cousin Twice Removed First Cousin Thrice Removed First Cousin Four Times Removed
Great Grandchild Grand Niece/ Nephew First Cousin Once Removed Second CousinSecond Cousin Once Removed Second Cousin Twice Removed Second Cousin Thrice Removed
G-G Grandchild Great Grand Niece/ Nephew First Cousin Twice Removed Second Cousin Once Removed Third CousinThird Cousin Once Removed Third Cousin Twice Removed
G-G-G Grandchild G-G Grand Niece/ Nephew First Cousin Thrice Removed Second Cousin Twice Removed Third Cousin Once Removed Fourth CousinFourth Cousin Once Removed
G-G-G-G Grandchild G-G-G Grand Niece/ Nephew First Cousin Four Times Removed Second Cousin Thrice Removed Third Cousin Twice Removed Fourth Cousin Once Removed Fifth Cousin
Last Updated ( Sunday, 25 June 2006 )
Membership Application PDF Print E-mail

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Last Updated ( Sunday, 30 March 2008 )
Demas T. Craw & Pierpont Morgan Hamilton PDF Print E-mail





MSgt (ret.) Joseph P. Bowman

Draft Biography for Bravest of the Brave

© 2002 All Rights Reserved.

Presented here with the permission of the author.


Pre-Medal of Honor Biographies:

Demas T. Craw:

Demas Thurlow "Nick" Craw was born on April 9, 1900, in Long Lake Township, Michigan, to Mark and Clara Craw. His siblings included a twin brother named Theron who was killed in a hunting accident in 1927, and a younger sister named Jane who was a registered nurse and served in the Army Nursing Corps during World War II. Mark Craw, a native of Pennsylvania, was a state game warden and conservation officer.

Craw attended Traverse City public schools, but dropped out of Traverse City High School before graduating and enlisted with his brother in the United States Army on April 18, 1918, at Columbus Barracks, Ohio. His first assignment was with the 12th Cavalry at Camp Stanley, Texas, which transferred to Columbus, New Mexico, and served on the Mexican border. On November 1 he was promoted to private first class, and twelve days later entered Machine Gun School at Fort Hancock, Georgia, where he was selected to attend the Central Officer’s Training School at Camp Gordon, Georgia.

Craw’s aspiration to gain a commission ended prematurely due to military downsizing, so he elected to separate from the Army on February 15, 1919. Three months later to the day, however, he re-enlisted in the infantry at Grand Rapids, Michigan, and was placed in charge of the Recruiting Corps. On June 1 he was promoted to corporal, which pleased him, but he never truly abandoned his quest to become a commissioned officer. Due in large part to his persistence, by the end of the year he was attached to the 2nd Field Artillery at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky, and attended a two-month preparatory course for entry into West Point, which he passed. His dream was nearing reality.

Returning to Grand Rapids on April 2, 1920, Craw was discharged on May 14 and entered West Point on July 1. While attending the Military Academy he advanced to captain and manager of the polo team, and was distinguished in horsemanship, but an eye injury sustained while playing polo nearly ended his ambition to fly. Upon graduating on June 12, 1924, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Regular Army and served with the coast artillery at Long Island until his eye injury healed. On March 13, 1926, he applied for aviation training with the Air Service.

Craw’s application was approved, and shortly thereafter he began Primary Flight Training at Brooks Field, Texas. He completed this course on February 28, 1927, and Advanced Flight Training at Kelly Field on August 12, and then reported for duty at Selfridge Field, Michigan. Craw’s official transfer to the Air Corps was approved on March 21, 1928, and he assumed instructor duties at the Air Corps Training mid, Duncan Field, Texas. On January 10, 1929, he was reassigned to instruct Advanced Flight Training at Kelly Field, and on January 3 of the following year he was promoted to first lieutenant.

In June 1930, Craw reported to Mitchel Field, New York, to process for a four-year tour to Hawaii where he was assigned to the 19th Pursuit Squadron that November. During his time at Mitchel Field he met Mary Victor Wesson, who was the daughter of Frank Wesson, president of the Smith & Wesson Arms Company. They were married in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, in 1931, and they had one son named Nicholas. Craw returned to Mitchel Field on September 15, 1934, and on April 20 the year following he was promoted to captain.

In February 1937, Craw’s aerial proficiency was tested when he accidentally overshot a runway during a blizzard while flying a bomber from Mitchel to Wilbur Wright Field in Ohio. The situation worsened when the aircraft became dangerously low on fuel and radio communications failed, but he managed to guide the aircraft onto an emergency landing field. After refueling, he asked directions to the Muncie Airport and then departed without his passengers. Thanks in part to a strong tailwind, he negotiated the heavy bomber over the mountains and landed the aircraft safely just after midnight. This ordeal made headlines in his hometown of Traverse City.

Later in 1937, Craw attended Air Corps Tactical School at Maxwell Field, from which he graduated on June 20, 1938. Thereafter, he assumed duties as Inspector and Assistant Intelligence Officer at Langley Field, Virginia, where he was promoted to major on March 11, 1940. His duties at Langley afforded him the opportunity to act as a military air observer for the War Department and he was sent to potential trouble spots that included the Philippines, the East Indies, China, Romania and India.

While serving in Cairo following the outbreak of war in Europe, Craw assisted the Royal Air Force in their battle against the Germans. During the British Libyan Campaign he was continuously under fire and sustained a slight wound, and after the Italian invasion he was sent to Athens where he served as assistant military attaché. He came under fire 136 times, according to official reports, and he participated in twenty-one major Allied bombing expeditions during this assignment.

Captain Paul Thorn, a close friend, recalled Craw’s involvement in a fistfight with three Italians shortly after the German occupation of Athens. His car rubbed fenders with another vehicle, occupied by two Italian privates and a Fascist lieutenant. The Italians let their tempers flare, but when the fight was over they "needed a little dental attention."

"We always got a kick out of Nick," recalled his West Point classmate William Slater. "He had tremendous fire and pep—a lot of initiative and extremely good humor." Another friend commented on his assignment to the Middle East: "He didn’t bother just to observe. He was in there fighting with the rest of them. Sometimes he had trouble getting to the front, but he got there—walk, drive or fly."1

While visiting ground forces at the front during the battle of Himarah in Albania, Craw was trapped with an isolated Greek contingent. A fight ensued "with bugles and bayonets in regular Civil War style", and during the course of battle he was wounded by a hand grenade blast. The Greeks emerged from this battle triumphant, but the Germans captured Craw when they came crashing through Greece. He was held for six weeks and then exchanged for another prisoner at Sofia. The King of Greece was so impressed with Craw’s heroism that he decorated him with the Order of George I, Fourth Class.

Thereafter, Craw traveled to Bucharest in time to observe the onset of war with Russia, and then made his way to Turkey, Lower Russia, Iran, Iraq, Syria and Palestine. Finally he returned to Egypt to participate in the Second Libyan Campaign. On November 15, 1941, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and on March 1, 1942, after the United States entered the war, he advanced to colonel. By this time he had seen more fighting that most Americans in uniform.

In May 1942, Craw returned to Washington to report his observations, and learned that British-American relations were a major concern within military circles. He dispelled rumors of tensions between the two countries and insisted that the British were our staunchest allies. Another concern was how well American equipment held up under combat, to which Craw replied: "It averages up much better than that of the Axis, and our heavy bombers are the best in the world. The proof of the pudding’s simple. I’m not only willing, but anxious to take on the Axis in an American ship anytime they’re ready to try.2"

After six days in Washington, Craw returned to the Middle East—just in time to witness the Third Libyan Campaign—but was disappointed when he was ordered back to Washington shortly thereafter. He was assigned a staff post—Deputy Executive Officer of the 2nd Bomber Command at Fort George Wright—but this didn’t suit him and he vehemently protested. In October, he parted for duty in the European Theater and was assigned to XII Ground Air Support Command where almost 2,000 men prepared for the invasion of North Africa. It was believed that Craw’s prewar experience would prove useful.

Pierpont M. Hamilton:

Pierpont Morgan Hamilton was born in Tuxedo Park, New York, on August 3, 1898, to William Pierson and Juliet Pierpont (Morgan) Hamilton, both members of prominent American families. William was the great-grandson of Alexander Hamilton, the first Secretary of the Treasury, and Juliet was the daughter of John Pierpont Morgan, the founder of the financial empire and House of Morgan. Hamilton’s brothers and sisters included Helen Morgan Hamilton, born on June 12, 1896; Laurens Morgan Hamilton, born on June 18, 1900; Alexander Hamilton, born on January 25, 1903; and Elizabeth Hamilton, born December 19, 1907.

Hamilton’s childhood was quite lavish compared to that of most Medal of Honor recipients, as his maternal grandfather was one of America’s most powerful men. J.P. Morgan was considered the supreme symbol of financial power and used his wealth to curb many abuses of cutthroat competition, and to reduce economic instability. At one point he even bailed the United States out of debt.

After graduating high school, Hamilton entered Harvard University where he attained Bachelors and Masters degrees, but his educational aspirations were interrupted by America’s entry into the war in Europe during World War I. He entered military service in August 1917 and pursued his interest in aviation by attending the Aviation Ordnance School at Cornell University, and flying schools at Hazelhurst Field, New York, and Ellington Field, Texas. Upon completion of flight training on May 8, 1918, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Officer’s Reserve Corps.

Hamilton served out the war as an instructor pilot at Ellington Field and was relieved from active duty in December 1918. He returned to Harvard and between the wars he was engaged in international investment banking, first in Paris and then in New York. He also operated his own commercial development business of patents and processes in sound and color photography, which thoroughly intrigued him.

Meanwhile, Hamilton entered into the first of three marriages with Marie Louise Blair on September 11, 1919, in New York. They had three children before their divorce: Philip, David and Ian. His second marriage to Rebecca Stickney also ended in divorce, but they had no children. His third and final marriage was to Norah Soutter, who had been married to a fellow named Goldsmith and had a son named Harold. Hamilton adopted the boy sometime thereafter.

In March 1942, Hamilton returned to active duty with the rank of major and was initially assigned to the Intelligence Section in Washington, DC. The following June he was transferred to London to serve as an intelligence and operations officer on Lord Louis Mountbatten’s staff. Mountbatten was in charge of the British Commando’s, and during this assignment Hamilton planned assaults on continental Europe, one of which was the Dieppe Raid.

Dieppe is a small French port on the English Channel where it was decided an Allied amphibious assault would take place on the morning of August 19, 1942. Involved in the raid would be 5,100 Canadians, and 1,000 British Commandos and American Rangers. Two hundred and fifty-two ships and sixty-nine squadrons of aircraft supported them. Tactical intelligence and poor planning, however, proved devastating to the men involved in this operation. The Canadians suffered the most, as they lost three-quarters of their forces within six hours.

Despite the failure of the Dieppe Raid, Hamilton proved himself a remarkable Intelligence officer and was recalled to Washington to discuss plans for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. The Americans first supported an Allied landing in France, across the English Channel, but the British insisted that this was impossible at this stage of the war. The disaster at Dieppe supported their opposition.

Brushing off earlier plans outlining an African invasion, and after much dissension by operational planners, on July 22 Operation Torch was approved. Under the revised plan, three simultaneous landings were directed at Casablanca, Oran and Algiers. Hamilton worked side-by-side with the commanding general of this operation, Major General Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., as final touches to the Casablanca operation was made.

Medal of Honor Background:

To execute the three major landings on the North African continent three task forces were formed, only one of which was under American command and control—the Western Task Force. The Western Task Force was made up entirely of American troops, most without any combat experience, but American planners felt they had an ace up their sleeve with the task force commander, General George S. Patton, Jr. Their objective was to take French Morocco by launching a three-pronged assault at Port Lyautey to the north, Casablanca to the south, and Fedala, just north of Casablanca.

The combined American fleet, under the command of Rear Admiral H. Kent Hewitt, parted from varied locations on October 23, 1942, and rendezvoused in the Atlantic several days later. Training continued throughout the voyage and tensions were understandably high. French forces in North Africa, which were under command of the Vichy government, broke off relations with the British but maintained relations with the Americans. Although the Americans anticipated French support for the Allied cause, their reaction was impossible to predict.

Certainly an unusual political-diplomatic problem presented itself because the French, whose territory was being invaded, were not the enemy. Not only did the British and Americans not want to destroy French lives or property, but they wanted the French as active allies in the war against the Axis. They looked on Operation Torch as liberation not conquest, and for this reason it was suggested during the planning phase that immediate contact be made with the local French commanders. 3The Americans hoped that hostilities could be suspended without bloodshed.

The effort to seize Port Lyautey, in which both Craw and Hamilton would participate, became known as Operation Goalpost, and their primary objective was to gain possession of an airfield outside the city. It was important that this airfield be available by nightfall on D-day to support of the main American attack on Casablanca, which promised to be a tough target to conquer. Hamilton volunteered to consult with the French commander at Port Lyautey, Colonel Charles Petit, and while en route to Africa plans were modified to include Craw in the negotiation process. Hamilton, who spent ten years in France before the war, was fluent in French, and so was Craw.

The 9,000-plus men who made up the force for Operation Goalpost were transported to the vicinity of Mehdia aboard eight transports. Included on these transports were sixty-five light tanks and 881 vehicles. To protect the landing force, one battleship, one light cruiser, one escort carrier and nine destroyers were used—the battleship being the USS Texas. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battalions of the 60th Regimental Combat Team, 9th Infantry Division, were shipped to Africa on the transports Henry T. Allen, George Clymer and Susan B. Anthony, respectively.

Personnel aboard the three transports made up the majority of personnel assigned to Goalpost’s contingent, which would be placed ashore at strategic landing points along the African coast. These landing points were designated as Red Beach, north of the Sebou River, and Green Beach, Blue Beach and Yellow Beach in descending order, to the south of the Sebou. The ships arrived off Mehdia just before midnight on 7-8 November, with General Truscott and his staff divided between the Allen and Clymer.

Nick Craw, serving as Air Officer for the general, was aboard the Allen, while Pierpont Hamilton, the general’s Intelligence Officer, was aboard the Clymer. In the foreground they could see the well-lit shoreline, which would prove beneficial when ship-to-shore operations commenced, but then a critical error was made when the flagship Texas ordered a last minute change in course. This confused the other vessels involved in the operation and formation integrity was permanently compromised.

Communications were also a problem, and Truscott was forced to ferry from transport to transport to advise commanders to postpone H-hour from 0400 to 0430. They were more than an hour past their scheduled arrival time when the convoy anchored along the coast, and several French steamers passed through the American vessels shortly thereafter. One steamer, the Lorraine, signaled to shore: "Be warned. Alert on shore for 5 A.M."

As if the navigational error of the Texas and forewarning of the Lorraine wasn’t enough, the situation worsened. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and General Dwight D. Eisenhower prerecorded messages to announce the invasion, and their voices filled the airwaves as scheduled. The Central and Eastern task forces made their landings on time, so they were unaffected by the announcement, but for Truscott and his men the element of surprise was lost4. Despite the current odds against success, to delay the invasion any further would prove disastrous, and Truscott knew it.

Medal of Honor Action:

The 2nd Battalion advanced on Green Beach, which was lightly defended, and Craw and Hamilton, who carried with them a letter similar in purport to the President’s recently released broadcast, were included in this first wave. Two waves followed the first and all of these men initially advanced unopposed, but the enemy was prepared for their landing. When the first wave hit the shoreline just before 0600, a searchlight illuminated the scouting boat and a red rocket soared from the southern jetty. Suddenly coastal batteries laid down a heavy concentration of shellfire that prevented the landing boats from docking along the Sebou River.

Reacting swiftly to the enemy barrage, the American destroyer Eberle fired a few shells that darkened the searchlight, and the cruiser Savannah temporarily silenced their guns. Before the landings were far advanced however, two French Dewoitine fighters passed up and down the beach, strafing boats and personnel. Harassing low-level strafing continued as Craw and Hamilton landed safely on the beach at Mehdia at dawn, by which time a network of mass confusion ruled the shoreline.

Craw and Hamilton commandeered a bantam truck to take them to French headquarters, but Admiral Hewitt ordered a general naval attack by the entire task force and the emissaries were stopped dead in their tracks. Forced to return to their point of origin, Craw radioed Truscott and explained their predicament. "At mouth of river," his message stated. "Being shelled by enemy and our own Navy...On Green Beach...Troops landed and moving inland. Proceeding on mission.5" Shortly thereafter the naval attack subsided and Truscott was having second thoughts about allowing Craw and Hamilton to continue.

Craw was persuasive, and convinced Truscott that the mission should proceed as planned. He and Hamilton located a nearby jeep, recruited Private Orris Correy to drive them to their destination, and affixed an American, French and white flag of truce to the vehicle before beginning their journey through the fusillade of gunfire. Prior to departing they decided to travel the heavily fortified river mouth that passed through Casbah in the hope of meeting the French commander forthwith. This was no easy undertaking.

To illustrate what Craw, Hamilton and Correy were up against in passing through Casbah, the 2nd Battalion, which was now divided into two companies, met fierce resistance as they tried to take the coastal battery along the Sebou River. The Casbah fortress was defended by a myriad of guns, including six 138.6mms. It was also surrounded by a trench and possessed other barriers that made progression difficult for the Americans. Indeed, the 2nd Battalion became engaged in hand-to-hand fighting as the day progressed.

Craw, Hamilton and Correy reached the jetty at dawn while enemy gunfire continued with disquieting frequency. When the shelling and strafing diminished, which it occasionally did, Correy drove through the French lines, literally under the guns of the Casbah fortress. At the battery a French officer warmly received Craw and Hamilton, who requested a guide to lead them to the French commander. But no men could be spared, so they continued their journey eastward along the river. The situation was still tense.

For the next several miles the jeep followed a gradual downward slope toward Port Lyautey, and then they came upon an intersecting road that led to a high ridge about 1,000 yards northeast of a native village. Craw, Hamilton and Correy continued eastward another three miles and reached the outskirts of Port Lyautey, but as they neared the town a sustained burst of machine gun fire from 30-yards away erupted from a concealed position near the road. A nervous machine gun crew, who was caught by surprise as the Americans rounded the corner, manned the gun.

Bullets tore into Craw’s body at point-blank range, killing him instantly, and the vehicle crashed into a nearby tree. His lifeless body fell to the ground upon impact. Hamilton was enraged and leaped out of the vehicle to retrieve his partner’s remains, and then directed his attention to the French soldiers. He demanded to be taken to their commander and was turned over to several French officers that were intimidated by his anger. They quickly obeyed his request, and at some point it must have dawned on Hamilton that he was their prisoner.

Hamilton was taken to Colonel Petit, who was apologetic when he learned that Craw had been killed, but he stated he could not direct cessation of hostilities because he was "under orders from above." Hamilton suggested that he make contact with his superiors and introduce the Allied proposal, which he did. Meanwhile, the battle continued and the Americans made steady advancements toward their objective—Port Lyautey Airport. Progression was not made without opposition however, and Hamilton spent the next couple of days wondering what was happening.

By daybreak on November 10, Operation Goalpost was coming to a decisive end. Petit was captured and ordered that the entire 1st Regiment of Moroccan Tirailleurs lay down their arms, and then he and his staff were turned over to Hamilton’s custody. This was an unusual situation indeed, considering they were his captors before that time! Later that morning the airport was seized, but fighting continued throughout the day. By nightfall only infrequent enemy sniper fire existed and Port Lyautey was declared an open city.

Finally, General Maurice Mathenet telephoned Army headquarters in Port Lyautey and asked Hamilton to arrange a meeting with General Truscott so they could bring about an end to hostilities. Marshal Henri Philippe Petain had authorized the cease-fire. Private Correy drove Hamilton and Mathenet’s deputy commander, Colonel Leon LeBeau, to the airport while a French bugler blew "cease fire." The order was repeated up and down the scattered roads until they reached the airfield where troops and tanks of Company C, 70th Tank Battalion, had assembled.

At the airport Hamilton radioed Lieutenant Colonel Harry H. Semmes, commander of the 3rd Armored Landing Team who was at the southern edge of the beachhead, and informed him of the French surrender. Semmes drove his tank along the beach to Truscott’s command post to relay the news, and then they contacted Hamilton to arrange a meeting near the gates of Casbah. This meeting was set for 0800 on November 11, and once this was agreed upon Hamilton contacted the Dallas, which was docked nearby. There was no reason to continue the fighting, he asserted, and hostilities officially ceased at 0400 that morning.

The French surrender that Craw and Hamilton so gallantly sought to obtain was achieved with minimal loss of life on both sides, thanks in large part to their heroic efforts. Only seventy-nine American lives were lost during Operation Goalpost, the airdrome was seized, a seaplane base was captured, and a focal point of transportation routes were established through northeastern Morocco to Algeria and Tunisia. The operation that began ominously, proved to be a marked success.

Upon learning of Craw’s untimely demise his Washington associates paid tribute to him with kind remarks. "He was the type that came bounding into the room, trailing clouds of electricity," stated one friend. "A real soldier—it’s tough he had to go so soon," said another. But perhaps the best phrase that summed up "Fighting Nick’s" character and premature death was: "He was always free with his dukes—yet, he died on a peace mission.6" That is indeed ironic.

Craw’s body was initially interred in the American Cemetery near the Casbah fortress, but on June 24, 1949, his remains were cremated and scattered over Wiesbaden, Germany. President Roosevelt presented Craw’s Medal of Honor to his widow and son in March 1943 at a special White House ceremony. Hamilton received his Medal of Honor from Roosevelt at the White House on February 19. It must be noted that these were the only two Air Force Medals of Honor presented for ground operations during World War II, and it is a travesty of justice that Orris Correy did not receive similar recognition.

Post-Medal of Honor Biography:

Pierpont M. Hamilton:

In December 1942, Hamilton was selected as Intelligence and Air Officer, Headquarters Allied Forces, based at Constantine, Algiers, and later that month he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Shortly thereafter he was reassigned to Headquarters, North African Tactical Air Force, where he served as Operations and Intelligence Staff Officer until March 1943, and then he returned to Washington and assumed duties as Assistant Chief of Air Staff for Plans. He fulfilled these duties until being promoted to colonel on October 27, 1943, after which time he was Acting Chief, Postwar Division.

In January 1944, Hamilton was appointed Air Force Member, Joint Postwar Committee, under the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and served in that capacity until November of the following year when he was reassigned to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of War for Air. In December 1945, he elected to resume his civilian business interests and was released from active duty, but he was never content with his return to civilian life. Becoming restless after his discharge, he often expressed a desire to reenter the military, and in February 1947 he was back in uniform and serving with the Plans and Operations Division, War Department General Staff.

That November, Hamilton was appointed Chief, World Survey Branch, a subordinate component assigned to the Policy Division that was headed by the Directorate of Plans and Operations for the Air Force. It was evident to those around him that he was a remarkable administrator, and that led to his selection to head the Policy Division in August 1948. This also secured for him promotion to brigadier general four months later. While heading the Policy Division he served as a member of the sub-committee of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and helped form the United Nations.

Hamilton, representing the Department of Defense, assisted in drafting the country’s position on atomic weapons and regulation of conventional armament. In March 1951, he was selected as Special Assistant to the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, and two months later he became Special Assistant for Foreign Military Affairs at Wiesbaden, Germany. In this capacity he worked directly for the commander of the United States Air Forces in Europe. His office was moved to Paris sometime thereafter, and in December 1951 he was named Senior United States Air Force Representative with the Military Facilities Negotiating Group.

Upon leaving Paris in early 1952 and returning to Washington, DC, Hamilton was assigned duties under the Secretary of the Air Force until being relieved from active duty on March 31. Following his discharge he resided in Montecito, a suburb of Santa Barbara, California, but continued to involve himself with activities directly relating to the Air Force and resumed his duties with the Policy Division while serving in the Reserves. He proved so effective that he was promoted to major general on June 20, 1955—a rare achievement for a Reserve officer. Two years later he attended Reserve and National Guard General Officer Orientation courses at the Air War College.

Following his retirement from the Reserves in 1959, Hamilton continued to pursue his business interests and other concerns, such as his association with Electronic Products Corporation in Santa Barbara. He was also an executive with the Bank & Trust in this city, a position he held for twenty years. As his health declined he moved into his grandson’s home, and then was admitted to the Wadsworth Veterans Administration Medical mid in Los Angeles. He passed away on March 4, 1982, and is buried in the Santa Barbara Cemetery.


1 Logan, Walter. "'Fighting Nick Craw' Hero." Traverse City Record-Eagle. November 21, 1942, pp. 1&5.

2 "A Traverse City Hero." Traverse City Record-Eagle. July 31, 1942, pp. 1&6.

3 Parish, Thomas D. and BGen. Samuel L.A. Marshall. The Simon and Schuster Encyclopedia of World War II. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1978.

4 Comtois, Pierre. "First Fire of Operation Torch." World War II Magazine . Nov. 1996, Vol. II, No. 4, pp. 54-60 & 82.

5 Ibid.

6 Cavanaugh, Mary. "'Fighting Nick Craw'-Hero." Washington Bureau of the Traverse City Record-Eagle. Nov. 21, 1942, pp. 1&5.

Citations PDF Print E-mail

Citations of Demas T. Craw and Pierpont M. Hamilton

Demas T. Craw

Demas T. Craw

Date/Place of Action: 8 Nov 1942, near Port Lyautey, French Morocco

General Order Number & Date: 11, 4 Mar 1943

Date/Place of Presentation: Mar 1943, in the White House, Washington, DC, by Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt to his widow and son

Medal of Honor: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty. On 8 November 1942, near Port Lyautey, French Morocco, Col. Craw volunteered to accompany the leading wave of assault boats to the shore and pass through the enemy lines to locate the French commander with a view to suspending hostilities. This request was first refused as being too dangerous but upon the officer's insistence that he was qualified to undertake and accomplish the mission, he was allowed to go. Encountering heavy fire while in the landing boat and unable to dock in the river because of shell fire from shore batteries, Col. Craw, accompanied by one officer and one soldier, succeeded in landing on the beach at Mehdia Plage under constant low-level strafing from three enemy planes. Riding in a bantam truck toward French headquarters, progress of the party was hindered by fire from our own naval guns. Nearing Port Lyautey, Colonel Craw was instantly killed by a sustained burst of machine gun fire at pointblank range from a concealed position near the road.

Purple Heart: For wounds received in action resulting in his death, 8 November 1942.

Pierpont M. Hamilton

Pierpont M. Hamilton

Date/Place of Action: 8 Nov 1942, near Port Lyautey, French Morocco

General Order Number & Date: 4, 23 Jan 1943

Date/Place of Presentation: 19 Feb 1943, the White House, Washington, DC, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

Medal of Honor: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty. On 8 November 1942, near Port Lyautey, French Morocco, Lt. Col. Hamilton volunteered to accompany Col. Demas Craw on a dangerous mission to the French commander, designed to bring about a cessation of hostilities. Driven away from the mouth of the Sebou River by heavy shelling from all sides, the landing boat was finally beached at Mehdia Plage despite continuous machine gun fire from three low-flying hostile planes. Driven in a light truck toward French headquarters, this courageous mission encountered intermittent firing, and as it neared Port Lyautey a heavy burst of machine gun fire was delivered upon the truck from pointblank range, killing Col. Craw instantly. Although captured immediately, after this incident, Lt. Col. Hamilton completed the mission.

Army Commendation Medal: Recent operations of this command, involving the production of an official War Department motion picture, entailed requesting assistance from the Army Air Force. The aid rendered in response was generous and complete. For marked contribution to success of the operation, commendation is particularly merited by Lt. Col. Pierpont M. Hamilton. Lt. Col. Hamilton gave unstintingly of his time and was of immense help in furnishing needed tactical data. ROY W. TAYLOR, Major, F.A., Executive Officer, Headquarters, Branch Office Special Services Division, Hollywood, California, 16 August 1943.

Army Commendation Medal, First Oak Leaf Cluster: In accordance with a memorandum directive dated 17 November 1943, from The Assistant Secretary of War for Air, a Post War International Civil Aviation policy has been set up. This policy met with my wholehearted approval, was later approved by the War Department, and will be presented to the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the near future. If it is favorably received by the Joint Chiefs it will likely go on and be presented for The President's approval, thereby becoming a national policy. It is with great pleasure that I have watched the course that The Post War Civil Aviation policy has taken. I wish to commend you for this outstanding piece of work. I fully realize that there was little organized material from which to work and an excellent job displaying foresight, judgment and organizational ability has been the result. It is not only a tribute to you, but to the Army Air Forces. A copy of this commendation will be forwarded to The Adjutant General's office, and will be made a part of your 201 file. H.H. ARNOLD, General, U.S.A., Commanding General, Army Air Forces, 15 Aug 1944.

Army Commendation Medal, Second Oak Leaf Cluster: I desire to commend you for your highly efficient performance of duty as representative of the Army Air Forces on duty with the Joint Post-War Committee during the past year. From the date of organization of the Committee until the date of relief of the undersigned as Senior Army Member of the Committee, your services have been marked by sound judgment, tact and devotion to duty to an outstanding degree. Your background of experience, your sound common sense and your concise clarity of expression contributed materially to the efficient functioning of the Committee. Your working without regard to hours, your unselfish devotion to the Committee's interests and your broad long-range approach to the intricate and involved problems considered by the Committee reflect the best traditions of the military service for which I desire to commend you most highly. A copy of this letter will be attached to your next efficiency report. Geo. V. Strong, Major General, USA, Senior Army Member, Joint Post-War Committee, 30 June 1945.

Army Commendation Medal, Third Oak Leaf Cluster: In the last year and a half I have been constantly in touch with the officers in the Plans and Policy Group of your Division. I cannot leave without expressing through you my sincere appreciation for the efficient services rendered me by the officers of this Group. The complexities of the present world situation plus the far-flung responsibilities of the War Department in its occupational requirements make mandatory the existence in the War Department of a politico-military group of specialists to digest and suggest solutions for the many intricate problems as to which the War Department must formulate policy. These matters have been handled with high efficiency by the officers of this group, and I have always had the greatest confidence in their work. Please express to them my gratitude. Howard C. Petersen, The Assistant Secretary of War, 30 July 1947.

Source: MSgt (ret.) Joseph P. Bowman

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